Unnecessary “fillers” in our speech. I’d rather have “like” than up-talking, though (if we had to choose one, that is). Ewwww, up-talking. Then again, a combination of the two would render me homicidal maniac.
yes, colloquial speech is stupid
discourse particles are stupid
quotative particles are stupid
fillers are stupid
lower registers of speech = stupid!!!!!!woah aaa/
Like, did you ever notice? That, like, the speech patterns people, like, think are stupid? Are, like, commonly associated with, like, women?
And, like, there’s this thing? Where, like, women aren’t supposed to be, like, assertive? So they, like, qualify their speech? Because, like, we’re not supposed to, like, stand by our opinions?
1) humiliate women so they don’t feel qualified to speak authoritatively about anything
2) humiliate women for speaking in such a way that reflects how you treat her
3) laugh, you are superior because you don’t use words like “like.” It isn’t as if being a huge stupid asshole has ever made you worse than a woman who speaks with verbal tics.
Actual Linguistic study of non-standard “like”: http://people.duke.edu/~eec10/tagliamonte_2005.pdf
“This tabulation shows that ‘like’ is not evenly distributed across sentence structure. Indeed, it corroborates earlier research in demonstrating the propensity of like in pre-sentential and pre-noun phrase position. Interesting is also the fact that the frequency of ‘like’ in pre-noun phrase and pre-sentential contexts is remarkably similar to Wolgemuth’s (2003) research on data from 1995. The consistent, highly frequent result for pre-noun phrase position, in particular suggests that it may be developing some kind of function in the grammar.”
“Taken together, the findings support the tremendous influence of the peer-group in the middle teenage years — high school. The correlation of adolescents with dramatic linguistic differentiation and innovation is not new.”
“…strong contextual constraints on language use, e.g., particular positions in sentence structures hint at deeper changes in the language. For example, the fact that like is occurring so often before a noun may mean that it is developing into some kind of nominal marker. Indeed, one of the main claims about its function is that it is a focuser (Underhill, 1988). While focusing particles are not part of standard English grammar…”
“In fact, research has shown that English is developing a system of aspectual particles, a feature which adds additional information to the verb (e.g., Brinton, 1988). In other words, these forms, which have been thought of as being simply discourse or pragmatic markers, may well be in the process of becoming part of the grammar of a new variety of English.”